The Effect of Intensity of Exercise on Appetite and Food Intake Regulation in Post-Exercise Period: A Randomized Trial

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Alireza Jahan-mihan
Peter Magyari
Sherry O. Pinkstaff


Exercise intensity, Appetite, Food intake, Glucose, Food intake regulatory hormones


Introduction: To examine the effect of intensity of exercise on post-exercise appetite in young males.
Methods: This study was a randomized cross-over design. Subjects completed three interventions in 3 sessions in a random order for 30 min: 1) Moderate intensity exercise (MI), 2) High intensity exercise (HI), and 3) Sedentary controls (SD). At each session, male subjects (n=8, age 21.8 ± 2.1 years, BMI 21.8± 1.4) completed one of the interventions and after 30 min, they were instructed to eat pizza ad libitum. Food intake was measured. Desire to eat and feeling of fullness were also evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) questionnaires. Plasma glucose, insulin, PYY and ghrelin were measured.
Results: Calorie consumption after MI was higher than after HI. Desire to eat was stronger right after exercise in MI compared with HI, while it was stronger right after meal in HI compared with MI. Plasma insulin was higher after meal in SD than MI and higher in MI than HI. Plasma ghrelin was higher in SD compared with MI and HI after meal.
Conclusion: Exercise intensity influenced appetite and food intake in post-exercise period. Food intake was lower after high intensity exercise compared with others.

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